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OSN - Rezoluce 674 - Irák-Kuvajt

RESOLUTION 674 (1990)


Adopted by the Security Council at its 2951st meeting on
29 October 1990


The Security Council,


Recalling its resolutions 660 (1990), 661 (1990), 662 (1990),
664 (1990), 665 (1990), 666 (1990), 667 (1990) and 670 (1990),


Stressing the urgent need for the immediate and unconditional withdrawal
of all Iraqi forces from Kuwait, for the restoration of Kuwait's sovereignty,
independence and territorial integrity, and of the authority of its legitimate
Government,


Condemning the actions by the Iraqi authorities and occupying forces to
take third State nationals hostage and to mistreat and oppress Kuwaiti and
third State nationals, and the other actions reported to the Council such as
the destruction of Kuwaiti demographic records, forced departure of Kuwaitis,
and relocation of population in Kuwait and the unlawful destruction and
seizure of public and private property in Kuwait including hospital supplies
and equipment, in violation of the decisions of this Council, the Charter of
the United Nations, the Fourth Geneva Convention, the Vienna Conventions on
Diplomatic and Consular Relations and international law,


Expressing grave alarm over the situation of nationals of third States
in Kuwait and Iraq, including the personnel of the diplomatic and consular
missions of such States,


Reaffirming that the Fourth Geneva Convention applies to Kuwait and that
as a High Contracting Party to the Convention Iraq is bound to comply fully
with all its terms and, in particular is liable under the Convention in
respect of the grave breaches committed by it, as are individuals who commit
or order the commission of grave breaches,


Recalling the efforts of the Secretary-General concerning the safety and
well-being of third State nationals in Iraq and Kuwait,


Deeply concerned at the economic cost, and at the loss and suffering
caused to individuals in Kuwait and Iraq as a result of the invasion and
occupation of Kuwait by Iraq,


Acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter,


Reaffirming the goal of the international community of maintaining
international peace and security by seeking to resolve international disputes
and conflicts through peaceful means,


Recalling also the important role that the United Nations and its
Secretary-General have played in the peaceful solution of disputes and
conflicts in conformity with the provisions of the United Nations Charter,


Alarmed by the dangers of the present crisis caused by the Iraqi
invasion and occupation of Kuwait, directly threatening international peace
and security, and seeking to avoid any further worsening of the situation,


Calling upon Iraq to comply with the relevant resolutions of the
Security Council, in particular resolutions 660 (1990), 662 (1990) and
664 (1990),


Reaffirming its determination to ensure compliance by Iraq with the
Security Council resolutions by maximum use of political and diplomatic means,


A


1. Demands that the Iraqi authorities and occupying forces immediately
cease and desist from taking third State nationals hostage, and mistreating
and oppressing Kuwaiti and third State nationals, and from any other actions
such as those reported to the Council and described above, violating the
decisions of this Council, the Charter of the United Nations, the Fourth
Geneva Convention, the Vienna Conventions on Diplomatic and Consular Relations
and international law;


2. Invites States to collate substantiated information in their
possession or submitted to them on the grave breaches by Iraq as per
paragraph 1 above and to make this information available to the Council;


3. Reaffirms its demand that Iraq immediately fulfil its obligations to
third State nationals in Kuwait and Iraq, including the personnel of
diplomatic and consular missions, under the Charter, the Fourth Geneva
Convention, the Vienna Conventions on Diplomatic and Consular Relations,
general principles of international law and the relevant resolutions of the
Council;


4. Reaffirms further its demand that Iraq permit and facilitate the
immediate departure from Kuwait and Iraq of those third State nationals,
including diplomatic and consular personnel, who wish to leave;


5. Demands that Iraq ensure the immediate access to food, water and
basic services necessary to the protection and well-being of Kuwaiti nationals
and of nationals of third States in Kuwait and Iraq, including the personnel
of diplomatic and consular missions in Kuwait;


6. Reaffirms its demand that Iraq immediately protect the safety and
well-being of diplomatic and consular personnel and premises in Kuwait and in
Iraq, take no action to hinder these diplomatic and consular missions in the
performance of their functions, including access to their nationals and the
protection of their person and interest and rescind its orders for the closure
of diplomatic and consular missions in Kuwait and the withdrawal of the
immunity of their personnel;


7. Requests the Secretary-General, in the context of the continued
exercise of his good offices concerning the safety and well being of third
State nationals in Iraq and Kuwait, to seek to achieve the objectives of
paragraphs 4, 5 and 6 and, in particular, the provision of food, water and
basic services to Kuwaiti nationals and to the diplomatic and consular
missions in Kuwait and the evacuation of third State nationals;


8. Reminds Iraq that under international law it is liable for any loss,
damage or injury arising in regard to Kuwait and third States, and their
nationals and corporations, as a result of the invasion and illegal occupation
of Kuwait by Iraq;


9. Invites States to collect relevant information regarding their
claims, and those of their nationals and corporations, for restitution or
financial compensation by Iraq with a view to such arrangements as may be
established in accordance with international law;


10. Requires that Iraq comply with the provisions of the present
resolution and its previous resolutions, failing which the Council will need
to take further measures under the Charter;


11. Decides to remain actively and permanently seized of the matter
until Kuwait has regained its independence and peace has been restored in
conformity with the relevant resolutions of the Security Council;


B


12. Reposes its trust in the Secretary-General to make available his
good offices and, as he considers appropriate, to pursue them and undertake
diplomatic efforts in order to reach a peaceful solution to the crisis caused
by the Iraqi invasion and occupation of Kuwait on the basis of Security
Council resolutions 660 (1990), 662 (1990) and 664 (1990), and calls on all
States, both those in the region and others, to pursue on this basis their
efforts to this end, in conformity with the Charter, in order to improve the
situation and restore peace, security and stability;


13. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Security Council on
the results of his good offices and diplomatic efforts.
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